Netty源码解读EventExecutorGroup

EventExecutorGroup

该接口继承了ScheduledExecutorService接口和Iterable接口,对原来的ExecutorService的关闭接口提供了增强,提供了优雅的关闭接口。从接口名称上可以看出它是对多个EventExecutor的集合,提供了对多个EventExecutor的迭代访问接口。 (起始就是一个EventExecutor的容器)

所谓的优雅的关闭看下面几个方法的介绍
boolean isShuttingDown():只有当这个EventExecutorGroup容器中所有的EventExecutor,调用shutdownGracefully优雅关闭接口或者shut down后,才会返回true

Future

/*
 * Copyright 2012 The Netty Project
 *
 * The Netty Project licenses this file to you under the Apache License,
 * version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at:
 *
 *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 * WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
 * License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
package io.netty.util.concurrent;

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.Callable;
import java.util.concurrent.ScheduledExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * The {@link EventExecutorGroup} is responsible for providing the {@link EventExecutor}'s to use
 * via its {@link #next()} method. Besides this, it is also responsible for handling their
 * life-cycle and allows shutting them down in a global fashion.
 *
 */
public interface EventExecutorGroup extends ScheduledExecutorService, Iterable<EventExecutor> {

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if and only if all {@link EventExecutor}s managed by this {@link EventExecutorGroup}
     * are being {@linkplain #shutdownGracefully() shut down gracefuclly} or was {@linkplain #isShutdown() shut down}.
     */
    boolean isShuttingDown();

    /**
     * Shortcut method for {@link #shutdownGracefully(long, long, TimeUnit)} with sensible default values.
     *
     * @return the {@link #terminationFuture()}
     */
    Future<?> shutdownGracefully();

    /**
     * Signals this executor that the caller wants the executor to be shut down.  Once this method is called,
     * {@link #isShuttingDown()} starts to return {@code true}, and the executor prepares to shut itself down.
     * Unlike {@link #shutdown()}, graceful shutdown ensures that no tasks are submitted for <i>'the quiet period'</i>
     * (usually a couple seconds) before it shuts itself down.  If a task is submitted during the quiet period,
     * it is guaranteed to be accepted and the quiet period will start over.
     *
     * @param quietPeriod the quiet period as described in the documentation
     * @param timeout     the maximum amount of time to wait until the executor is {@linkplain #shutdown()}
     *                    regardless if a task was submitted during the quiet period
     * @param unit        the unit of {@code quietPeriod} and {@code timeout}
     *
     * @return the {@link #terminationFuture()}
     */
    Future<?> shutdownGracefully(long quietPeriod, long timeout, TimeUnit unit);

    /**
     * Returns the {@link Future} which is notified when all {@link EventExecutor}s managed by this
     * {@link EventExecutorGroup} have been terminated.
     */
    Future<?> terminationFuture();

    /**
     * @deprecated {@link #shutdownGracefully(long, long, TimeUnit)} or {@link #shutdownGracefully()} instead.
     */
    @Override
    @Deprecated
    void shutdown();

    /**
     * @deprecated {@link #shutdownGracefully(long, long, TimeUnit)} or {@link #shutdownGracefully()} instead.
     */
    @Override
    @Deprecated
    List<Runnable> shutdownNow();

    /**
     * Returns one of the {@link EventExecutor}s managed by this {@link EventExecutorGroup}.
     */
    EventExecutor next();

    /**
     * @deprecated Use {@link #children()} instead.
     */
    @Override
    @Deprecated
    Iterator<EventExecutor> iterator();

    /**
     * Returns the unmodifiable set of {@link EventExecutor}s managed by this {@link EventExecutorGroup}.
     */
    <E extends EventExecutor> Set<E> children();

    @Override
    Future<?> submit(Runnable task);

    @Override
    <T> Future<T> submit(Runnable task, T result);

    @Override
    <T> Future<T> submit(Callable<T> task);

    @Override
    ScheduledFuture<?> schedule(Runnable command, long delay, TimeUnit unit);

    @Override
    <V> ScheduledFuture<V> schedule(Callable<V> callable, long delay, TimeUnit unit);

    @Override
    ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleAtFixedRate(Runnable command, long initialDelay, long period, TimeUnit unit);

    @Override
    ScheduledFuture<?> scheduleWithFixedDelay(Runnable command, long initialDelay, long delay, TimeUnit unit);
}
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